India responded to questions on agricultural policy and transparency issues arising from its national statements of support. Recurring cases included India`s quantitative restrictions on pulses, subsidies to the sugar industry, and export subsidies through its transport and marketing assistance program. India provided detailed information on its sugar production for the 2020-2021 season. In line with the Nairobi Ministerial Decision on Export Competition, India, as a developing country, could provide export subsidies under Article 9.4 of the Agriculture Agreement by the end of 2023. Discussions among members on their agricultural policy have intensified, especially since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Highlighting the record number of questions raised by members in 2020 regarding the implementation of their respective commitments, the Chair said: „This level of commitment reflects the value that members attach to the review function of the WTO Committee on Agriculture.” The Conference of Ministers of State for Agriculture and Food on 14 September 2000 issued a document outlining the exceptional features of the agreement and the likely issues to be negotiated. The Union`s Ministry of Commerce endorsed the views expressed at the State Conference. These documents are likely public to attract comment from the interested public, although, as usual, they were released far too late to allow for meaningful debate. In accordance with Article 20 of the Agreement, all members must submit their proposals before the end of December 2000. The WTO Agreement on Agriculture has a negative and positive impact on Indian agriculture. About 70% of india`s population depends on agriculture, so the overall export – the import of agricultural raw materials depends directly or indirectly on WTO laws. This is why WTO standards play a crucial role in improving the socio-economic conditions of rural people in India.
Indeed, WTO laws have a direct or indirect impact on the Indian economy. One Member`s proposal to abolish certain tariff quotas on the grounds that they were „tariff-free” raised questions, with one Member referring to the relationship of these tariff quotas with special agricultural protection (SSG) and market access negotiations. A tariff quota „without tariff advantage” means that the out-of-quota duty is equal to or lower than that of the quota. The strategies to be followed by India would be composed of many components. It is important to examine and quantitatively assess the impact of the agricultural agreement on Indian agriculture, including production, pricing, imports and exports, tariffs in force and promised revisions. The available data show that, given our overall negative support, there are significant opportunities to argue in favour of the status quo on tariffs, which means that there should be no obligation to reduce tariffs by 13% by 2004. The European Union responded to concerns from some members about the recent EU-US tariff reduction agreement and said it „sees this initiative as a first step towards de-escalating bilateral trade tensions and supporting the settlement of ongoing disputes. No agricultural products have been covered by this agreement `(i.e. no product is covered by the customs codes shS set out in Annex 1 to the Convention on Agriculture). The US agreed with the EU and confirmed that „tariff reductions related to this agreement will be extended on a most-favoured-nation basis”. The topic of COVID-19 and agriculture will be placed on the Committee`s standing agenda at the request of members at the June special session.
Members considered nine ad hoc reports on agricultural measures related to COVID-19 and four joint statements by members. India has never considered taking full advantage of the benefits it has under the green box provisions, including research and development expenditure, domestic food aid and aid for public food storage, food security, insurance, etc. .